Prev Next

OSGi Runtime & Debug


In the quickstart tutorial we created and ran a simple OSGi Microservice. Before progressing to more sophisticated examples we’ll first take a quick look at the OSGi runtime and the software DNA of your Microservices application.

Creating the Debug Version of quickstart

To gain access to the OSGi runtime we need to create a debug version of quickstart.

From the quickstart project root directory you previously created, change directory to ./app edit the pom.xml, and changing the first occurance of <bndrun>app.bndrun</bndrun>

  <plugin>
      <groupId>biz.aQute.bnd</groupId>
      <artifactId>bnd-export-maven-plugin</artifactId>
      <configuration>
          <bndruns>
              <bndrun>app.bndrun</bndrun>
          </bndruns>
      </configuration>
  </plugin>
  <plugin>
      <groupId>biz.aQute.bnd</groupId>
      <artifactId>bnd-resolver-maven-plugin</artifactId>
      <configuration>
          <bndruns>
              <bndrun>app.bndrun</bndrun>
              <bndrun>debug.bndrun</bndrun>
          </bndruns>
      </configuration>
  </plugin>

to <bndrun>debug.bndrun</bndrun> as shown

  <plugin>
       <groupId>biz.aQute.bnd</groupId>
       <artifactId>bnd-export-maven-plugin</artifactId>
       <configuration>
           <bndruns>
               <bndrun>debug.bndrun</bndrun>
           </bndruns>
       </configuration>
   </plugin>
   <plugin>
       <groupId>biz.aQute.bnd</groupId>
       <artifactId>bnd-resolver-maven-plugin</artifactId>
       <configuration>
           <bndruns>
               <bndrun>app.bndrun</bndrun>
               <bndrun>debug.bndrun</bndrun>
           </bndruns>
       </configuration>
   </plugin>

Now re-build your quickstart application

$ mvn install
$ mvn bnd-resolver:resolve
$ mvn package 

and run the new debug version.

$ java -jar app/target/debug.jar

Gogo and the OSGi Runtime

When interacting with a running OSGi a framework, if you are presented with the prompt g! then you are using the Gogo shell.

    g!

Bundle Level Diagnostics

The list of installed bundles used to create quickstart may be shown with either the lb or bundles command.

 g! lb
 START LEVEL 1
     ID|State      |Level|Name
     0|Active     |    0|System Bundle (5.7.0.SNAPSHOT)|5.7.0.SNAPSHOT
     1|Active     |    1|Logback Classic Module (1.2.3)|1.2.3
     2|Active     |    1|Logback Core Module (1.2.3)|1.2.3
     3|Active     |    1|JSR 353 (JSON Processing) API (1.0.0)|1.0.0
     4|Active     |    1|Apache Aries Javax Annotation API (0.0.1.201711291743)|0.0.1.201711291743
     5|Active     |    1|Apache Aries JAX-RS Specification API (0.0.1.201803051642)|0.0.1.201803051642
     6|Active     |    1|Apache Aries JAX-RS Whiteboard (0.0.1.201803051643)|0.0.1.201803051643
     7|Active     |    1|Apache Commons FileUpload (1.3.2)|1.3.2
     8|Active     |    1|Apache Commons IO (2.5.0)|2.5.0
     9|Active     |    1|Apache Felix Configuration Admin Service (1.9.0.SNAPSHOT)|1.9.0.SNAPSHOT
    10|Active     |    1|Apache Felix Gogo Command (1.0.2)|1.0.2
    11|Active     |    1|Apache Felix Gogo Runtime (1.0.10)|1.0.10
    12|Active     |    1|Apache Felix Gogo Shell (1.0.0)|1.0.0
    13|Active     |    1|Apache Felix Http Jetty (3.4.7.R7-SNAPSHOT)|3.4.7.R7-SNAPSHOT
    14|Active     |    1|Apache Felix Servlet API (1.1.2)|1.1.2
    15|Active     |    1|Apache Felix Inventory (1.0.4)|1.0.4
    16|Active     |    1|Apache Felix Declarative Services (2.1.0.SNAPSHOT)|2.1.0.SNAPSHOT
    17|Active     |    1|Apache Felix Web Management Console (4.3.4)|4.3.4
    18|Active     |    1|Apache Felix Web Console Service Component Runtime/Declarative Services Plugin (2.0.8)|2.0.8
    19|Active     |    1|impl (1.0.0.201803052117)|1.0.0.201803052117
    20|Active     |    1|org.osgi:org.osgi.service.jaxrs (1.0.0.201803012137-SNAPSHOT)|1.0.0.201803012137-SNAPSHOT
    21|Active     |    1|org.osgi:org.osgi.util.function (1.1.0.201803012137-SNAPSHOT)|1.1.0.201803012137-SNAPSHOT
    22|Active     |    1|org.osgi:org.osgi.util.promise (1.1.0.201803012137-SNAPSHOT)|1.1.0.201803012137-SNAPSHOT
    23|Active     |    1|osgi.cmpn (4.3.1.201210102024)|4.3.1.201210102024
    24|Active     |    1|slf4j-api (1.7.25)|1.7.25

Additional information for a specified bundle is available via the bundle $ID command.

The ID for our quickstart bundle is 19 and bundle 19 showns

 g! bundle 19
 Location             jar/impl-1.0-SNAPSHOT.jar
 State                32
 RegisteredServices   [Upper]
 ServicesInUse        [ConfigurationAdmin, ServletContextHelper]
 Bundle                  19|Active     |    1|org.osgi.enroute.examples.quickstart.rest.impl (1.0.0.201803052117)
 Revisions            [org.osgi.enroute.examples.quickstart.rest.impl [19](R 19.0)]
 BundleContext        org.apache.felix.framework.BundleContextImpl@69653e16
 SymbolicName         org.osgi.enroute.examples.quickstart.rest.impl
 BundleId             19
 Version              1.0.0.201803052117
 LastModified         1520685956190
 Headers              [Service-Component=OSGI-INF/org.osgi.enroute.examples.quickstart.rest.Upper.xml, Created-By=1.8.0_162 (Oracle Corporation), Manifest-Version=1.0, Bnd-LastModified=1520284643255, Private-Package=org.osgi.enroute.examples.quickstart.rest, Bundle-Name=impl, Build-Jdk=1.8.0_162, Import-Package=javax.ws.rs, Provide-Capability=osgi.service;objectClass:List<String>="org.osgi.enroute.examples.quickstart.rest.Upper", Bundle-ManifestVersion=2, Bundle-SymbolicName=org.osgi.enroute.examples.quickstart.rest.impl, Bundle-Version=1.0.0.201803052117, Built-By=richardnicholson, Require-Capability=osgi.extender;filter:="(&(osgi.extender=osgi.component)(version>=1.3.0)(!(version>=2.0.0)))",osgi.extender;filter:="(&(osgi.extender=osgi.component)(&(version>=1.4.0)(!(version>=2.0.0))))",osgi.implementation;filter:="(&(osgi.implementation=osgi.http)(&(version>=1.1.0)(!(version>=2.0.0))))",osgi.implementation;filter:="(&(osgi.implementation=osgi.jaxrs)(&(version>=1.0.0)(!(version>=2.0.0))))",osgi.contract;osgi.contract=JavaJAXRS;filter:="(&(osgi.contract=JavaJAXRS)(version=2.1.0))",osgi.ee;filter:="(&(osgi.ee=JavaSE)(version=1.8))", Tool=Bnd-4.0.0.201803042323-SNAPSHOT]

The inspect command can be used to look at the runtime Requirements and Capabilities of a selected Bundle: see Namespaces for currently supported Req/Cap namespaces.

Example of usage.

 g! inspect req osgi.wiring.package 19
 org.osgi.enroute.examples.quickstart.rest.impl [19] requires:
 -------------------------------------------------------------
 osgi.wiring.package; (osgi.wiring.package=javax.ws.rs) resolved by:
    osgi.wiring.package; javax.ws.rs 2.1.0 from org.apache.aries.javax.jax.rs-api [5]

Indicates that looking at the osgi.wiring.package namespace, org.osgi.enroute.examples.quickstart.rest.impl has a runtime Requirement on javax.ws.rs 2.1.0, which has been successfully satisfied by org.apache.aries.javax.jax.rs-api.

Component Level Diagnostics

Your bundles may be correctly installed and running, but your application may still not be functioning as is it should.

The Declarative Services scr commands provide information on the runtime status and configuration of your Declarative Services (DS) components.

The scr:list lists all running DS components.

 g! scr:list
  BundleId Component Name Default State
     Component Id State      PIDs (Factory PID)
  [  19]   org.osgi.enroute.examples.quickstart.rest.Upper  enabled
     [   0] [active      ] 

With the quickstart example, we only have one DS component, which is reported as active.

The scr:info command can then be used to list detailed information for a named DS component.

 g! scr:info org.osgi.enroute.examples.quickstart.rest.Upper 
 *** Bundle: org.osgi.enroute.examples.quickstart.rest.impl (19)
 Component Description:
   Name: org.osgi.enroute.examples.quickstart.rest.Upper
   Implementation Class: org.osgi.enroute.examples.quickstart.rest.Upper
   Default State: enabled
   Activation: delayed
   Configuration Policy: optional
   Activate Method: activate
   Deactivate Method: deactivate
   Modified Method: -
   Configuration Pid: [org.osgi.enroute.examples.quickstart.rest.Upper]
   Services: 
     org.osgi.enroute.examples.quickstart.rest.Upper
   Service Scope: singleton
   Component Description Properties:
       osgi.http.whiteboard.resource.pattern = [/quickstart/*]
       osgi.http.whiteboard.resource.prefix = static
       osgi.jaxrs.resource = true
   Component Configuration:
     ComponentId: 0
     State: active      
     Component Configuration Properties:
         component.id = 0
         component.name = org.osgi.enroute.examples.quickstart.rest.Upper
         osgi.http.whiteboard.resource.pattern = [/quickstart/*]
         osgi.http.whiteboard.resource.prefix = static
         osgi.jaxrs.resource = true